Micro Farm Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

micro farm business plan

Micro Farm Business Plan Template

Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans to start and grow their micro farms. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning. We will then go through a micro farm business plan template step-by-step so you can create your plan today.

What Is a Business Plan?

A business plan provides a snapshot of your micro farm as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategy for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.
 

Why You Need a Business Plan

If you’re looking to start a micro farm, or grow your existing micro farm, you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your micro farm in order to improve your chances of success. Your micro farm business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes.
 

Sources of Funding for micro farms

With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a micro farm are personal savings, credit cards, bank loans, USDA microloans, and angel investors. With regards to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to confirm that your financials are reasonable, but they will also want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business. Personal savings and bank loans are the most common funding paths for micro farms.

If you’d like to quickly and easily complete your Micro Farm business plan, download our proven business plan template here.

 

Micro Farm Business Plan Template

If you want to start a micro farm or expand your current one, you need a business plan. Below are links to each section of your micro farm business plan template:
 

Executive Summary

Your executive summary provides an introduction to your business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of micro farm you are operating and the status. For example, are you a startup, do you have a micro farm that you would like to grow, or are you operating multiple micro farms?

Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan. For example, give a brief overview of the micro farm industry. Discuss the type of micro farm you are operating. Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers. Provide a snapshot of your marketing plan. Identify the key members of your team. And offer an overview of your financial plan.
 

Company Analysis

In your company analysis, you will detail the type of micro farm you are operating.

For example, you might operate one of the following types of micro farms:

  1. Vertical Micro Farm: this type of micro farm focuses on maximizing growing space by planting vertically. Crops are typically grown in either a greenhouse or other outbuilding, where the environment can be controlled. These farms typically use the hydroponic or aeroponic method of farming.
  2. Short Season Crop Micro Farm: this type of micro farm specializes in growing crops that can be harvested quickly (example: baby spinach, microgreens, sprouts) so that multiple harvests may be completed in a year.
  3. Animal/Animal Product Micro Farms: this type of micro farm focuses on livestock such as dairy cows or bees.

In addition to explaining the type of micro farm you will operate, the Company Analysis section of your business plan needs to provide background on the business.

Include answers to question such as:

  • When and why did you start the business?
  • What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include the number of successful harvests, number of supply contracts, reaching X amount in sales, etc.
  • Your legal structure. Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.
Bonus: Download our business plan template here and complete your Micro Farm business plan today.

 

Industry Analysis

In your industry analysis, you need to provide an overview of the micro farm industry.

While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.

First, researching the micro farm industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating.

Secondly, market research can improve your strategy, particularly if your research identifies market trends.

The third reason for market research is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.

The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section of your micro farm business plan:

  • How big is the micro farm industry (in dollars)?
  • Is the market declining or increasing?
  • Who are the key competitors in the market?
  • Who are the key suppliers in the market?
  • What trends are affecting the industry?
  • What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
  • What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential market for your micro farm? You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your local population.

 

Customer Analysis

The customer analysis section of your micro farm business plan must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.

The following are examples of customer segments: consumers, restaurants, grocers, and wholesalers.

As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of micro farm you operate. Clearly, restaurants would respond to different marketing promotions than grocery stores, for example.

Try to break out your target customers in terms of their demographic and psychographic profiles. With regards to demographics, include a discussion of the ages, genders, locations and income levels of the customers you seek to serve.

Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can understand and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.

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Click here to finish your Micro Farm business plan today.

 

Competitive Analysis

Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.

Direct competitors are other micro farms.

Indirect competitors are other options that customers have to purchase from that aren’t direct competitors. This includes grocery stores or other produce distributors, or consumers who maintain their own gardens. You need to mention such competition as well.

With regards to direct competition, you want to describe the other micro farms with which you compete. Most likely, your direct competitors will be micro farms located very close to your location.

For each such competitor, provide an overview of their businesses and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as:

  • What types of customers do they serve?
  • What type of micro farm are they?
  • What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
  • What are they good at?
  • What are their weaknesses?

With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.

The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:

  • Will you provide high-demand products?
  • Will you provide products that your competitors don’t offer?
  • Will you provide better customer service?
  • Will you offer better pricing?

Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.
 

Marketing Plan

Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a micro farm business plan, your marketing plan should include the following:

Product: In the product section, you should reiterate the type of micro farm company that you documented in your Company Analysis. Then, detail the specific products you will be offering. For example, in addition to microgreens, will you provide mushrooms, or honey, or any services like outreach or consulting?

Price: Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your marketing plan, you are presenting the services you offer and their prices.

Place: Place refers to the location of your micro farm. Document your location and mention how the location will impact your success. For example, is your micro farm located in an urban area, or will you offer products from a farm stand, or ecommerce website, etc.  Discuss how your location might be the ideal location for your customers.

Promotions: The final part of your micro farm marketing plan is the promotions section. Here you will document how you will drive customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:

  • Advertising in local papers and magazines
  • Reaching out to websites
  • Flyers
  • Social media marketing
  • Local radio advertising

 

Operations Plan

While the earlier sections of your business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.

Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your micro farm, including planting and tending crops, harvesting, packaging products, meeting with potential customers, etc.

Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect to sign your Xth supply contract, or when you hope to reach $X in revenue. It could also be when you expect to launch a micro farm in a new market.
 

Management Team

To demonstrate your micro farm’s ability to succeed, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company.

Ideally you and/or your team members have direct experience in managing micro farms. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.

If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act like mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in farming or successfully managing a wholesale operation.
 

Financial Plan

Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statements.

Income Statement: an income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenues and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.

In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you grow a single crop at a time or will you grow a variety of produce? And will sales grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.

Balance Sheets: Balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. While balance sheets can include much information, try to simplify them to the key items you need to know about. For instance, if you spend $50,000 on building out your micro farm, this will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a bank writes you a check for $50,000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.

Cash Flow Statement: Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and make sure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and business owners don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt.

In developing your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a micro farm:

  • Cost of building out the growing facility (vertical, aquaponic, etc.).
  • Cost of equipment and supplies
  • Payroll or salaries paid to staff
  • Business insurance
  • Taxes and permits
  • Legal expenses

 

Appendix

Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your property deed/lease or existing supply contracts.
 

Summary

Putting together a business plan for your micro farm is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. You will really understand the micro farm industry, your competition, and your customers. You will have developed a marketing plan and will really understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful micro farm.
 

Micro Farm Business Plan FAQs

Growthink's Ultimate Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily complete your Micro Farm Business Plan.

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of micro farm you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, do you have a micro farm that you would like to grow, or are you operating a chain of micro farms?



Finish Your Micro Farm Business Plan in 1 Day!

Don’t you wish there was a faster, easier way to finish your Micro Farm business plan?

With Growthink’s Ultimate Business Plan Template you can finish your plan in just 8 hours or less!

Click here to finish your Micro Farm business plan today.

 

OR, Let Us Develop Your Plan For You

Since 1999, Growthink has developed business plans for thousands of companies who have gone on to achieve tremendous success.

Click here to see how Growthink’s business plan writers can create your business plan for you.
 

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